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Geography of Kottayam

The total covered area of the Kottayam district is about two thousand and two hundred square kilometers. The entire area of this district can be segregated into the highland, midland and lowland regions. These areas are the Meenachil and Kanjirapally falling in the highland through midland areas; the Changanessery, Vaikom and Kottayam taluks are located in the midlands through lowland areas. Almost half the total area is under forests.

Geography of Kottayam

Population of Kottayam

The Kottayam population is 19,74,551. There are 9,68,289 males and 10,06,262 females. The population is mostly rural. The urban population is more densely placed than the rural population.

Climate of Kottayam

The climate is perfect for carrying out various outdoor activities. The area is suited to the conduct of adventure and other sports. It is rich in a health promotive atmosphere that is ideal almost all the year round. The monsoon and post monsoon season is quite humid and uncomfortable. It is during this season that visitors are discouraged from visiting the region because of the wet, sticky and sweaty atmosphere. Although the maximum temperature goes up to about thirty five degree celsius the minimum temperature is twenty degrees celsius.

The region has three distinctive seasons of summer, monsoon and winter. The summer lasts from mid-March to May. From mid-May to September is the Monsoon and post-Monsoon period. The winter stretches from October to February. The best time to visit Kottayam, thus, would be from October to February when all forms of pleasant breezes below the sunshine in inviting and the slopes are covered with mossy green grass. The scenic pleasure is all the more heightened when one sees the crystal clear streams gurgle down the undulating slopes.

Rivers of Kottayam

The main rivers and are called the Meenachil, the Manimata and the Muvattupuzha Rivers. The entire river system comprises the three mighty rivers and several streams. The Vembanad Lake is formed at the foothills of this well- drained drainage system. The entire region was well-irrigated and the agricultural output is commensurate to the inputs. As the gradient was not too high, the average height above sea-level being is a mere nine feet above sea level. It is due to this rich irrigational contribution that the region is mainly green, well forested, evergreen and mostly deciduous and wet tree-type.
The catchment area of the rivers is about thirteen hundred square kilometers. The water utilized from these resources measures about eleven hundred cubic millimeters. Among the streams that feed into the water network are the Chittar that joins the Poonjar River at Lalam.

Types of Soil in Kottayam

The highlands have a differing soil composition as compared to the midlands and the lowlands. The lowlands are characterized by rich alluvial deposits while the highlands are drained by a network of rivers that wash the area.

The total land put to agricultural use is 48,134 hectares while area under forests was about eight thousand hectares and the area of the Kottayam district that yields two or more crops annually is about fifty thousand hectares.

Facts and Figures of Kottayam

Kottayam which was reborn literally in 1949 boasts of having been the land of the three Ls. These are Latex, Lakes, and Letters. Surrounded by rubber plantations and rich paddy fields the foothills of its softy undulating hills are wetlands that are home to a large variety of migratory birds.

The administrative seat of Kottayam as district-capital bears the Administrative, Municipal and Police Headquarters. The main language is Malayalam and the literacy rate of the population is at a high of almost ninety six per cent. The population follows the Hindu, Muslim, Jain, Buddhist and Sikh religions besides others. Almost an equal number of about nine lac are Hindu and Muslim respectively while all others were simply borderline at less than a hundred individuals each.

The region has five taluks, four municipalities and seventy five panchayats. The region also comprises ten assembly constituencies. It has a well laid out network of roads which is almost two thousand kilometers long from end to end.

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